B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3

Basic Information

Strain name
C57BL/6-Pdcd1tm1(PDCD1) Cd274tm1(CD274)Havcr2tm1(HAVCR2)/Bcgen
Common Name
B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice
Background
C57BL/6
Catalog number
130574
Related genes
PD-1 (Programmed death-1); CD274 (CD274 antigen); TIM3 (T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domains-containing protein 3)

Description

PD-1 (Programmed death-1) is mainly expressed on the surface of T cells and primary B cells. The two PD-1 ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, are widely expressed on antigen-presenting cells (APCs). PD-1 interacts with its ligands and plays an important role in the negative regulation of the immune response. PD-L1 protein expression is detected in many human tumor tissues. PD-L1 expression in tumor cells could be induced by the microenvironment of tumor cells. PD-L1 expression is favorable for tumorigenesis and growth, for induction of anti-tumor T Cell Apoptosis, and for escaping responses by the immune system. Inhibition of PD-1 binding to its ligand can result in tumor cells that are exposed to the killing version of the immune system, and thus is a target for cancer treatments. PD-L1 (Programmed cell death ligand-1), also known as B7-H1 and CD274, is mainly expressed in antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and activated T cells, and is one of the two ligands of PD-1. The interaction between PD1 and PD-L1 plays an important role in the negative regulation of the immune response. PD-L1 is highly expressed in a variety of solid tumors. PD-1 and PD-L1 interactions can reduce T Cell Activation and promote tumor immune escape. The PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway can be blocked and antitumor immune response can be restored by using by anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies to block the binding of PD1 to PD-L1. T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain-3 (TIM3) is an activation-induced inhibitory molecule involved in immune tolerance and T-cell exhaustion in chronic viral infection and cancers. TIM3 maturation and cell surface expression is facilitated by forming a heterodimeric interaction with CD66a. Co-blockade of CD66a and TIM3 enhanced anti-tumor immune responses, and eliminated tumors in mouse colorectal cancer models.

Targeting Strategy

Details

Protein expression analysis

Strain specific PD-1 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-PD-1 antibody. Mouse PD-1 was detectable in WT mice. Human PD-1 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice.

Strain specific PD-1 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice stimulated with anti-CD3ε in vivo, and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-PD-1 antibody. Mouse PD-1 was detectable in WT mice. Human PD-1 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice. After anti-CD3ε stimulation, human PD-1 protein expression was significantly increased.

Strain specific PD-L1 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice ,and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-PD-L1 antibody. Mouse PD-L1 was detectable in WT mice. Human PD-L1 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice.

Strain specific PD-L1 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice stimulated with anti-CD3ε in vivo, and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-PD-L1 antibody. Mouse PD-L1 was detectable in WT mice. Human PD-L1 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice. After anti-CD3ε stimulation, hPD-L1 protein expression was significantly increased.

Strain specific TIM3 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice, and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-TIM3 antibody. Mouse TIM3 was detectable in WT mice. Human TIM3 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice.

Strain specific TIM3 expression analysis in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 mice by flow cytometry. Splenocytes were collected from WT and homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 (H/H) mice stimulated with anti-CD3ε in vivo, and analyzed by flow cytometry with species-specific anti-TIM3 antibody. Mouse TIM3 was detectable in WT mice. Human TIM3 was exclusively detectable in homozygous B-hPD-1/hPD-L1/hTIM3 but not WT mice. After anti-CD3ε stimulation, hTIM3 protein expression was significantly increased.

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