Increase of PRPP enhances chemosensitivity of PRPS1 mutant acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells to 5‐Fluorouracil

Increase of PRPP enhances chemosensitivity of PRPS1 mutant acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells to 5‐Fluorouracil

Abstract

Relapse-specific mutations in phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1), a rate-limiting purine biosynthesis enzyme, confer significant drug resistances to combination chemotherapy in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It is of particular interest to identify drugs to overcome these resistances. In this study, we found that PRPS1 mutant ALL cells specifically showed more chemosensitivity to 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) than control cells, attributed to increased apoptosis of PRPS1 mutant cells by 5-FU. Mechanistically, PRPS1 mutants increase the level of intracellular phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP), which causes the apt conversion of 5-FU to FUMP and FUTP in Reh cells, to promote 5-FU-induced DNA damage and apoptosis. Our study not only provides mechanistic rationale for re-targeting drug resistant cells in ALL, but also implicates that ALL patients who harbor relapse-specific mutations of PRPS1 might benefit from 5-FU-based chemotherapy in clinical settings.

Authors: Wang D1,2,3, Chen Y1,2, Fang H1,2, Zheng L1,2,4, Li Y5, Yang F1,2, Xu Y1,2, Du L1,2, Zhou BS1,2,4, Li H1,2,4.

Influence Factor: 4.30

Citation: J Cell Mol Med 22, 6202-6212 (2018).

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