Lnc-mg is a long non-coding RNA that promotes myogenesis

Lnc-mg is a long non-coding RNA that promotes myogenesis

Abstract

Recent studies indicate important roles for long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as essential regulators of myogenesis and adult skeletal muscle regeneration. However, the specific roles of lncRNAs in myogenic differentiation of adult skeletal muscle stem cells and myogenesis are still largely unknown. Here we identify a lncRNA that is specifically enriched in skeletal muscle (myogenesis-associated lncRNA, in short, lnc-mg). In mice, conditional knockout of lnc-mg in skeletal muscle results in muscle atrophy and the loss of muscular endurance during exercise. Alternatively, skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of lnc-mg promotes muscle hypertrophy. In vitro analysis of primary skeletal muscle cells shows that lnc-mg increases gradually during myogenic differentiation and its overexpression improves cell differentiation. Mechanistically, lnc-mg promotes myogenesis, by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for microRNA-125b to control protein abundance of insulin-like growth factor 2. These findings identify lnc-mg as a novel noncoding regulator for muscle cell differentiation and skeletal muscle development.

Authors: Zhu M1,2,3, Liu J1, Xiao J4, Yang L1, Cai M5, Shen H1, Chen X1, Ma Y1, Hu S3, Wang Z5, Hong A1, Li Y2, Sun Y5, Wang X1.

Influence Factor: 12.123

Citation: Nat Commun 8, 14718 (2017).

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