LncGata6 maintains stemness of intestinal stem cells and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis

LncGata6 maintains stemness of intestinal stem cells and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis

Abstract

The intestinal epithelium harbours remarkable self-renewal capacity that is driven by Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (ISCs) at the crypt base. However, the molecular mechanism controlling Lgr5+ ISC stemness is incompletely understood. We show that a Gata6 long noncoding RNA (lncGata6) is highly expressed in ISCs. LncGata6 knockout or conditional knockout in ISCs impairs the stemness of ISCs and epithelial regeneration. Mechanistically, lncGata6 recruits the NURF complex onto the Ehf promoter to induce its transcription, which promotes the expression of Lgr4/5 to enhance Wnt signalling activation. Moreover, the human orthologue lncGATA6 is highly expressed in the cancer stem cells of colorectal cancer and promotes tumour initiation and progression. Antisense oligonucleotides against lncGATA6 exhibit strong therapeutic efficacy on colorectal cancer. Thus, targeting lncGATA6 will have potential clinical applications in colorectal cancer treatment as an ideal therapeutic target.

Authors: Pingping Zhu, Jiayi Wu, Yanying Wang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Tiankun Lu, Benyu Liu, Luyun He, Buqing Ye, Shuo Wang, Shu Meng, Dongdong Fan, Jing Wang, Liuliu Yang, Xiwen Qin, Ying Du, Chong Li, Lei He, Weizheng Ren, Xin Wu, Yong Tian & Zusen Fan

Influence Factor: 19.06

Citation: Nat Cell Biol 20, 1134-1144 (2018).

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