Sequential treatment with aT19 cells generates memory CAR-T cells and prolongs the lifespan of Raji-B-NDG mice

Sequential treatment with aT19 cells generates memory CAR-T cells and prolongs the lifespan of Raji-B-NDG mice

Abstract

Treatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells targeting CD19 has proved successful in patients with relapsed/refractory B cell malignancies. However, long-term follow-up indicates that remission in a substantial proportion of patients is not sustainable. Most patients that experience recurrence have tumors and lost the CAR-T cells. To maintain the activity of CAR-T cells, Raji-B-NDG mice were treated sequentially with CAR-T-19 cells and homologous cells expressing human CD19 to promote expansion of CAR-T cells. Sequential treatment of mice with CAR-T-19 cells followed by Raji tumor cells led to marked prolongation of survival. The best case scenario after sequential treatment was a survival time of more than 200 days; the average survival time of mice in the non-sequential treatment group was 80 days. We treated mice with autologous CD19-modified T cells after initial treatment with CAR-T-19 cells. The overall survival and recurrence-free survival times of mice receiving sequential treatment were significantly longer. The percentages of CAR+ T cells in peripheral blood increased. Sequential therapy with autologous CAR-T-19 and aT19 cells provides a new strategy for generating memory CAR-T cells, which may lead ultimately to increased clinical efficacy.

Keywords: Autologous CD19 T cells; Chimeric antigen receptor; Memory T cells; Sequential therapy.

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