The Stimulation of Macrophages with TLR Ligands Supports Increased IL-19 Expression in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients and in Colitis Models
IL-19, a member of the IL-10 cytokine family that signals through the IL-20 receptor type I (IL-20Rα:IL-20Rβ), is a cytokine whose function is not completely known. In this article, we show that the expression of IL19 in biopsies of patients with active ulcerative colitis was increased compared with patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis and that colitis was attenuated in IL-19-deficient mice. The disruption of the epithelial barrier with dextran sodium sulfate leads to increased IL-19 expression. Attenuated colitis in IL-19-deficient animals was associated with reduced numbers of IL-6-producing macrophages in the inflamed colonic lamina propria. Microbial-driven expression of IL-19 by intestinal macrophages may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.
Authors: Steinert A1,2,3, Linas I3, Kaya B1,2, Ibrahim M4,5, Schlitzer A4,5,6, Hruz P1,2, Radulovic K1,2, Terracciano L7, Macpherson AJ3, Niess JH8,2,3.
Influence Factor: 4.8559
Citation: J Immunol 199, 2570-2584 (2017).