The establishment of humanized IL-4/IL-4RA mouse model by gene editing and efficacy evaluation
Asthma is a common respiratory immune disease in children and adults, and interleukin-4 (IL-4) is one of the key factors for the onset of asthma. Therefore, targeting human IL-4 and IL-4 receptor alpha (IL-4RA) has become one of the strategies for targeted therapy of cytokines. Herein, we established an animal model of asthmatic airway inflammation using double humanized IL-4/IL-4RA (hIL-4/hIL-4RA) mice, where human IL-4 and IL-4RA replaced their murine counterparts, respectively. We successfully identified the phenotype by Southern blotting, ELISA, and flow cytometry. The hIL-4/hIL-4RA mice induced by ovalbumin (OVA) exhibited several important features of asthma, such as inflammatory cell infiltration, IgE release, goblet cell hyperplasia, and Th2 cytokine secretion. Furthermore, treatment of these humanized mice with anti-human IL-4RA antibodies significantly inhibited level of these pathological indicators. Thus, hIL-4/hIL-4RA mice provide a validated preclinical mouse model to interrogate new therapeutic agents targeting this specific cytokine pathway in asthma.