A novel human anti-TIGIT monoclonal antibody with excellent function in eliciting NK cell-mediated antitumor immunity

A novel human anti-TIGIT monoclonal antibody with excellent function in eliciting NK cell-mediated antitumor immunity

Abstract

TIGIT is an emerging novel checkpoint target that is expressed on both tumor-infiltrating T cells and NK cells. Some current investigational antibodies targeting TIGIT have also achieved dramatic antitumor efficacy in late clinical research. Most recently, the relevance of NK cell–associated TIGIT signaling pathway to tumors’ evasion of the immune system has been clearly revealed, which endows NK cells with a pivotal role in the therapeutic effects of TIGIT blockade. In this article, we describe a novel anti-TIGIT monoclonal antibody, AET2010, which was acquired from a phage-displayed human single-chain antibody library through a cell panning strategy. With emphasis on its regulation of NK cells, we confirmed the excellent ex vivo and in vivo antitumor immunity of AET2010 mediated by the NK-92MI cells. Intriguingly, our work also revealed that AET2010 displays a lower affinity but parallel avidity and activity relative to MK7684, an investigational monoclonal antibody from MSD, implying a reasonable balance of potency and potential side effects for AET2010. Together, these results are promising and warrant further development of AET2010.

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