Gal epitope expression and immunological properties in iGb3S deficient mice
The Gal antigen is synthesized by glycoprotein galactosyltransferase alpha 1, 3 (GGTA1) or (and) isoglobotrihexosylceramide 3 synthase (iGb3S). However, whether iGb3S deletion changes Gal epitope expression and immunological properties in animals is still not clear. The objective of this study was to develop iGb3S deficient mice, and characterize their Gal epitope expression and Gal epitope-related immunological properties. iGb3S gene knockout mice were generated on the C57BL/6 background using the bacterial artificial chromosome homology region recombination technique. Gal epitope expression in the iGb3S deficient mice was determined by using a monoclonal anti-Gal antibody. Immunological properties were analyzed by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay. It was found that Gal epitope expression was decreased from 5.19% to 21.74% in the main organs of iGb3S deficient mice, compared with that of C57BL/6 wild type mice, suggesting that the iGb3S gene participated to Gal epitope expression. However, iGb3S deletion alone did not cause significant changes in the immunological properties of iGb3S deficient mice with or without exogenous Gal antigen (Rabbit Red Blood Cell) stimulation. The data from this study suggest that the iGb3S gene likely contributes to Gal epitope expression, but may have a very weak effect on immunological properties of the iGb3S deficient mice.
Authors: Anliang Shao,1 Liming Xu,1,3 Xi Wu,2 Susu Liu,2 Yan Lu,1,3,4 and Changfa Fan2
Influence Factor: 4.12
Citation: Sci Rep 8, 15433 (2018).