The mTOR–S6K pathway links growth signalling to DNA damage response by targeting RNF168

The mTOR–S6K pathway links growth signalling to DNA damage response by targeting RNF168

Abstract

Growth signals, such as extracellular nutrients and growth factors, have substantial effects on genome integrity; however, the direct underlying link remains unclear. Here, we show that the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)-ribosomal S6 kinase (S6K) pathway, a central regulator of growth signalling, phosphorylates RNF168 at Ser60 to inhibit its E3 ligase activity, accelerate its proteolysis and impair its function in the DNA damage response, leading to accumulated unrepaired DNA and genome instability. Moreover, loss of the tumour suppressor liver kinase B1 (LKB1; also known as STK11) hyperactivates mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1)-S6K signalling and decreases RNF168 expression, resulting in defects in the DNA damage response. Expression of a phospho-deficient RNF168-S60A mutant rescues the DNA damage repair defects and suppresses tumorigenesis caused by Lkb1 loss. These results reveal an important function of mTORC1-S6K signalling in the DNA damage response and suggest a general mechanism that connects cell growth signalling to genome stability control.

Authors: Xie X1, Hu H1, Tong X1, Li L1, Liu X1, Chen M1, Yuan H2, Xie X3, Li Q4, Zhang Y1, Ouyang H1, Wei M5,6, Huang J5,6, Liu P7,8, Gan W7, Liu Y9, Xie A10, Kuai X11, Chirn GW12, Zhou H13, Zeng R4, Hu R3, Qin J2, Meng FL3, Wei W7, Ji H1, Gao D14.

Influence Factor: 20.06

Citation: Nat Cell Biol 20, 320-331 (2018).

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