p53-mediated regulation of bile acid disposition attenuates cholic acid-induced cholestasis in mice
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
The tumour suppressor p53 is traditionally recognized as a surveillance molecule to preserve genome integrity. Recent studies have demonstrated that it contributes to metabolic diseases. Here, we investigated the role of p53 in the regulationof bile acid disposition and cholestasis.
The bile acid disposition-related gene expression profile affected by p53 activation was assessed in mouse primary hepatocytes with p53 depletion and in Trp53-null mice. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the transcriptional activities of target genes. Anticholestatic effects of p53 activator doxorubicin were investigated in a 0.5% cholic acid-fed mouse model of cholestasis. Changes in bile acids were evaluated using metabolomics analysis.
Doxorubicin-mediated p53 activation induced Cyp2b10, Sult2a1 and Abcc2/3/4 expression in mice in vitro and in vivo. ABCC3 and CYP2B6 (human orthologue of Cyp2b10) were identified as direct p53 target genes. Doxorubicin attenuated cholic acid-inducedcholestasis in mice, as demonstrated by shrunken gall bladder, decreased serum total bile acid and total bilirubin levels and alkaline phosphatase activity. Targeted metabolomics analysis revealed that doxorubicin enhanced the excretion of bile acid metabolites from serum and liver to intestine and faeces. Up-regulation of Cyp2b10, Sult2a1 and Abcc2/3/4 expression was further confirmed in cholestatic mice. Cholic acid-induced cholestatic injury was aggravated in p53-deficient mice and levels of bile acid in intestine and faeces were decreased.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:
Our findings suggest a novel role of p53 in promoting bile acid disposition and alleviating cholestatic syndrome, which provides a potential therapeutic target for cholestasis.
Authors: Chen P1,2, Li D1, Chen Y1, Sun J1, Fu K1, Guan L1, Zhang H1, Jiang Y1, Li X1, Zeng X1, Chen X2, Huang M1, Bi H1.
Influence Factor: 5.491
Citation: Br J Pharmacol 174, 4345-4361 (2017).